How to Change Drill Bit on Makita?

Welcome to this step-by-step guide on how to change drill bit on Makita power drill. If you’ve ever found yourself in the middle of a project, staring at a worn-out or unsuitable drill bit, you’ll know the importance of being able to swap it out quickly and efficiently. 

This informative article will walk you through changing a drill bit Makita, ensuring your DIY tasks and projects proceed smoothly. So, let’s get started on this essential skill that every drill owner should master.

Safety Precautions

Emphasizing safety when working with power tools, especially drills, is paramount. It’s crucial to underscore the importance of adhering to safety guidelines and precautions throughout the entire process of using a drill. Stress the need for caution, awareness, and respect for these tools’ power and potential hazards. 

Furthermore, provide a comprehensive list of essential well-being gear that should be worn while working power tools, including safety glasses to protect the eyes from debris, ear protection to guard against loud noise, and work gloves for hand protection. Also, consider the significance of wearing appropriate clothing, such as long sleeves and closed-toe shoes, to prevent injuries.

Gather the Necessary Tools and Materials

Gathering the necessary tools and materials beforehand is crucial to change a drill bit effectively. This ensures a smooth process. You will need your drill to ensure it’s in good working condition. Select the new drill bit suitable for your specific project in terms of type and size.

Safety gear is essential, so have well-being glasses to shield your eyes from flying garbage, ear assurance to guard against the noise generated by the drill, and work gloves to provide hand protection while handling tools and materials. 

Depending on your drill type, you may also need a chuck key (if applicable) for tightening or loosening the chuck. Confirming your drill’s chuck type is essential to determine if a key is necessary for the bit change. With these tools and materials, you’ll be well-prepared to safely and effectively change the drill bit.

Identify Your Makita Drill Model

Identifying your Makita drill model is essential for finding the correct information and accessories for your tool. Here’s how to do it:

  • Check the Drill Body: The most common location to find the drill’s model number is on the tool’s body. Look for a label or plate that contains essential information about your training. The model number is usually prominently displayed on this label.
  • Check the User Manual: If you have the manual that came with your drill, the model number should be listed on the cover or the first few pages. The manual is a significant asset for understanding the features and specifications of your drill.
  • Visit the Makita Website: If you are still looking for the model number on the drill or in the user manual, you can visit the official website. They often provide resources to help you identify your drill model, including images and descriptions of their products.
  • Contact Makita Customer Support: If all else fails, you can contact Makita’s customer support for assistance identifying your drill model. They can guide you through the process and provide the necessary information.

Once you have identified your Makita drill model, you’ll be better equipped to find compatible accessories, obtain the correct user manual, and access specific information related to your tool.

Power Off and Unplug

“Power off and unplug” is a critical safety step when working with corded power tools, such as drills. This phrase emphasizes deactivating and disconnecting the device from its power source before performing any maintenance, adjustments, or tool changes. Here’s how to execute this safety procedure:

  • Power Off: Ensure the drill is in the “off” position by releasing the trigger or switch that controls its operation. Make sure it is not in a mode where it can accidentally start.
  • Unplug: If your drill is corded and connected to an electrical outlet, unplug it from the outlet. This action ensures that the training cannot be accidentally powered on while you are working on it.

“Power off and unplug” is a fundamental safety practice that helps prevent accidents and injuries caused by unexpected tool activation. It is essential when changing drill bits, performing maintenance, or adjusting the tool. Always follow this procedure to ensure your safety and the safety of those around you when working with power tools.

Remove the Existing Drill Bit

To safely remove the existing drill bit from your drill, follow these steps:

  • Safety First: Prioritize safety. Ensure your drill is turned off and disconnected from the power source if it’s a corded drill. For cordless drills, remove the battery to prevent accidental activation.
  • Locate the Chuck: Identify the toss, the drill piece that holds the dull tool. It’s typically located at the front of the training.
  • Open the Chuck:
  • For Keyless Chuck:
  1. Hold the drill firmly with one hand, and with your other hand, grasp the chuck.
  2. Rotate the chuck counterclockwise (left) to open the jaws.
  3. Continue turning until the jaws are wide enough to release the bit.
  • For Keyed Chuck:
  1. Embed the toss key into the opening on the side of the chuck.
  2. Turn the key counterclockwise (left) to loosen and open the jaws.
  3. Keep turning until the jaws are wide enough to remove the bit.
  • Remove the Bit: Once the chuck is open, gently slide the existing drill bit out of the jaws. It should come out quickly.
  • Inspect the Bit: Take a moment to inspect the removed bit for any signs of wear, damage, or dullness. Replace it if necessary to ensure optimal drilling performance.
  • Close the Chuck: If you have a keyless chuck, close it by turning it clockwise (right) until it’s snug. Utilize the throw key to fix the jaws around the new bit for a keyed chuck.
  • Power On the Drill: If you’re ready to use the drill with a new bit, you can safely power on the training and proceed with your drilling or fastening task.

By following these steps, you can safely and efficiently remove the existing drill bit from your drill, making way for a new bit or a different tool attachment. Always prioritize safety, especially when handling power tools.

Selecting a New Drill Bit

Choosing the right drill bit is a crucial step for the success of your drilling or fastening project. Follow these steps to select a new drill bit:

  • Know Your Material: Determine the type of material you’ll be drilling into. Common materials include wood, metal, concrete, masonry, and plastic. Each material requires a specific kind of drill bit.
  • Check the Bit Compatibility: Ensure the drill bit you choose is compatible with your drill’s chuck size. The chuck size is typically indicated in the training, and the bit’s shank diameter should match this size.
  • Consider the Bit Type:
  • Twist Bits: Suitable for drilling into wood, plastic, and light metals. They have a spiral shape and are versatile for various applications.
  • Masonry Bits: Designed for drilling into concrete, brick, or stone. They have a carbide tip for added durability.
  • Spade Bits: Ideal for drilling larger holes in wood. They have a flat, paddle-like shape.
  • Forstner Bits: Used for drilling clean, flat-bottom holes in wood. They’re great for woodworking projects.
  • Hole Saw Bits: Used for cutting large-diameter holes in wood, plastic, or metal. They’re often used for pipe or conduit installation.
  • Auger Bits: Designed for drilling deep holes in wood, like those needed for plumbing or electrical work.
  • Step Bits: Ideal for drilling holes of varying diameters in thin materials like sheet metal or plastic.
  • Consider Bit Coatings and Materials:
  • Some bits have coatings like titanium or cobalt for increased durability and heat resistance.
  • High-speed steel (HSS) bits are versatile and suitable for many applications.
  • Cobalt bits are heat-resistant and excellent for drilling hard metals.
  • Carbide-tipped bits are best for drilling masonry or concrete.
  • Assess the Hole Size: Determine the hole diameter you need to drill. Choose a bit with the appropriate size or one slightly larger if you need a specific hole size.
  • Think About Project Precision: If your project requires precise holes, consider specialized bits like brad-point bits for woodworking or centering bits for accurate hole placement.
  • Read Manufacturer Recommendations: Always check the manufacturer’s recommendations for your specific drill model and the materials you’ll be working with.
  • Have Variety: It’s a good idea to have a variety of drill bits on hand to cover different tasks and materials you might encounter.

You can ensure efficient and accurate drilling results by carefully considering these factors and selecting the right drill bit for your project. Remember to wear appropriate safety gear and follow safety guidelines when using power tools.

Testing the Drill

Testing the drill after inserting a new bit is an essential safety and performance check. Begin by prioritizing safety, wearing safety glasses and hearing protection, primarily if your exercise generates loud noise.

Ensure your work area is clean and clutter-free to minimize hazards. If drilling into a workpiece, ensure it’s securely clamped or held in place to prevent unexpected movement. 

Power on the drill using the trigger or power switch while maintaining a firm grip on the handle. Start with a slow-speed setting if available, especially if you’re unsure of the material or task requirements. Listen to the drill’s operation, paying attention to unusual sounds or vibrations. 

If anything seems off, power off the training and inspect the setup. Before drilling your workpiece, conduct a test run on a scrap piece of the same material to ensure proper alignment and operation.

When shooting, start slowly, apply steady pressure, and avoid forcing the bit to prevent overheating or damage. Monitor the progress of the hole, keeping the bit centered and aligned. Adjust speed and pressure as needed based on the material. 

Once the test is successful, please proceed with your project, and when you’re finished, power off the drill, allowing the bit to come to a complete stop before setting it down. By following these steps, you can ensure that your training is ready for your project, reducing the risk of accidents and ensuring optimal performance.

Troubleshooting while Changing Drill Bit Makita

Changing a drill bit on a Makita drill is simple, but sometimes issues can arise. Here are some troubleshooting steps if you encounter problems while changing the drill bit on your Makita drill:

Safety First: Ensure the drill is turned off and unplugged (for corded drills) or remove the battery (for cordless drills) before attempting to change the bit. Safety should always be a priority.

Stuck Bit: If the existing bit is trapped in the throw, utilize a couple of pincers or a wrench to grip it and turn it counterclockwise. This should loosen and release the bit. If it’s exceptionally stuck, applying some penetrating oil may help.

Chuck Key: If your Makita drill has a chuck key, use it correctly. Embed the key into the opening on the hurl and turn it counterclockwise to loosen it. Once it’s loose, you can remove the old bit.

Tight Chuck: Sometimes, the chuck can become too tight, making it difficult to loosen. Use a firm grip and apply even pressure to turn the chuck counterclockwise. An elastic hammer or a piece of wood can gently tap the chuck while turning it counterclockwise if it’s too close.

Proper Bit Size: Ensure the new drill bit you insert matches the chuck size. The bit should fit snugly without wobbling.

Insertion Angle: When inserting the new bit, ensure it’s aligned with the chuck’s jaws. Insert it straight, and as far as it will go.

Tightening the Chuck: After inserting the bit, hold onto the chuck firmly and turn it clockwise to secure the bit. Be sure to pull it as much as possible to prevent the bit from slipping during use.

Chuck Damage: If the chuck is damaged or not functioning correctly, you may need to replace it. Check your drill’s warranty and contact Makita customer support or a qualified technician.

User Manual: Always refer to your drill’s user manual for explicit guidelines and investigating tips related to your particular model of Makita drill.

Suppose you follow these troubleshooting steps and still encounter issues while changing the drill bit on your Makita drill. In that case, it’s advisable to seek assistance from a professional or Makita customer support to guarantee the protected and legitimate activity of your training.


Changing a drill bit on a Makita drill is a straightforward process that can significantly enhance the versatility and functionality of your tool. By following the step-by-step instructions in this guide, you can safely and efficiently swap out drill bits to match the specific requirements of your project. Remember to prioritize safety by disconnecting the power source and wearing appropriate protective gear. 

This skill will become second nature with practice, allowing you to tackle various drilling tasks quickly and confidently. In this way, whether you’re an expert merchant or a Do-It-Yourself lover, mastering the art of changing a drill bit on your Makita drill is a significant expertise that will work well for you in your various construction and home improvement endeavors.

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